Patan is separated form Kathmandu only by the Bagmati River and is the second
largest town in the valley. It is also known as Lalitpur, which means city of beauty.
Patan has a long Buddhist history and have stupas at four corners. Like Kathmandu Durbar
Square, Patan Durbar Square is also packed with temples. Most of these temples are built
during the Malla kings period.
As in Kathmandu, Patan also has a old royal palace built during the Malla kings period.
Most of the temples here are built in Newari architecture. The rectangular square has an
axis from north, south, east and west to the Royal Palace.
and Palaces in Patan
||Temple dedicated to the god of trade and business
||Wonderfully carved stone crocodile headed waterspouts
||Temple built in 1627 has two large stone elephant guarding
||Well renowned stone temple of Lord Krishna
||Temple is dedicated to one of Vishnus incarnations
|Hari Shankar Temple
||The half Vishnu half Shiva deity
|Bhai Dega Temple
||Temple dedicated to Shiva
The Royal Palace is located in the heart of Patan, Mangal Bazaar. Parts of the Royal
Palace was built in the 14th Century and main construction was done during 17th & 18th
Century by Malla kings.
Mul Chwok & Taleju Temple
This is one of the largest courtyard among the three main chowks. Bidya Temple stands at
the centre of the courtyard and three Taleju temples stand around the courtyard.
Sundari Chowk & Tusha Hiti
South of the Mul Chowk is the Sundari Chowk with its sunken tank known as Tusha Hiti Mul
Chwok & Taleju Temple. This is one of the largest courtyard among the three main
chowks. Bidya Temple stands at the centre of the courtyard and three Taleju temples stand
around the courtyard.
Mani Keshar Chowk
This is the northern courtyard to be entered through golden gate. The golden gate is
gilded with Shiva, Parvati, Ganesh and Kumar. This is the newest part of the palace. Above
the golden door is a golden window from there king would make public appearances.
This temple is known as Kwa Bahal among Newari people and Hiranya Verna Mahavihar among
the others. This unique Buddhist monastery is well known as Golden Temple. This monastery
was found in the 12th century and recorded its existence in 1409. The simple entrance
gives no hint of the magnificent structure in the courtyard within.